New for 2018: Infinity Supercritical Introduces Fast Filter System for Winterizing Process of Removing Waxes also used for Graphene Filtering

January 20, 2018 Addendum: This fast filter technology can also be used to fast filter graphene from graphene processing. The filter allows fast capture of graphene which is currently used in the high-tech sector.

Fast Filter Process for Dewaxing Winterized Liquid – Portable and Modular Fast Filter System – Plug and Play

If you currently use Buchner flasks, consider a Infinity Fast Filter System for dewaxing your winterized solution for up to 10 times faster than conventional filtering.

Example of dewaxing hops winterized solution – 1 Liter in about 30 seconds

This is the perfect compliment to your botanical extraction system, whether it be hydrocarbons, ethanol, or supercritical CO2.

The modular system includes everything you need to get started, including a vacuum pump, paper filters, and a fast filter system mounted in a cart frame with industrial casters, that can be easily moved by one person. The 1-5L system runs off of 110V and can be solar powered with an inverter for off-grid use.


The Fast Filter System allows you to process more product, in less time, saving you valuable labor and giving you access to more profits.




Features and Process:

– Different than Buchner: Fast filtering, can use variety of sorbents (paper, carbon, Zeolites, etc.). No glassware.

– Portable: Self-contained cart-based system is mounted on casters. Tilt and haul away.

– Cleaning: use ethanol to clean surfaces

– Construction: All stainless steel for filtering system.

– Maintenance: Clean surface after use. Change gaskets as desired.

– Vacuum: On-board included system.

– Certifications: FM approved (similar to UL).

– Filtrate (finished concentrate without wax): Collected in stainless collection vessel at bottom of cart. Use rotary evaporator to remove ethanol.

– Wax By-Product: Sell for cosmetics, consumer, surfboard wax, food coatings, polish, wood coating and end sealants, or making candles.

– Paper Filter: Discard after use. May use 24mm diameter filters in 5, 10, 20+ microns.

– Other Filter Media: Carbon, zeolites, and other media.

– Containment Loading Vessel: 1 Liter. Feed rate .5 to 2 Liter per minute depending on wax density.

– Collection Vessel: Up to 10 Liters

– Winterizing Solution: Ethanol to concentrate 10:1

– Scalable and Modular: Mount multiple units on our 24×48 inch footprint caster beam cart for up to 8x capacity.

– Add Capacity: Add capacity as your processing capacity grows.


Summary: Winterization (ethanol alcohol wash) is done after extraction process to remove unwanted compounds such as wax, fats, and chlorophyll. The primary advantage to winterizing is a more potent CBD (Cannabidiol). The disadvantage is that the final CBD product will contain fewer terpenes (flavor/smell). Terpenes can be purchased separately, or removed prior to extraction run on a CO2 process, and prior to winterization, and then re-added after winterization (final product blend). The Infinity Fast Filter is perfect for the winterizing liquid filter process. The self-contained cart system includes a on-board vacuum system for fast processing. Winterizing Process: 1. Ethanol 10:1 Concentrate  2. 4-24 hours of ethanol oil solution in freezer -20 to -80 C  3. Filter paper in filter, then put oil solution from freezer into filter and turn on vacuum pump.  4. 1L in under 5 minutes.  5. Remove wax from filter, and discard filter.  6. Rotavap to remove ethanol.  Filter Media (Available on Amazon): Paper Filter: removes waxes  Carbon Filter: removes color and other waste components.  Zeolites: Experimental absorber.


For more information, please contact Infinity Supercritical


Using Supercritical CO2 Extraction to Make Hops Oil


Cannabis Search Engine Series Hops | CO2 Extraction | Oil Separation | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction

PDF Publications Search Engine This real-time PDF document search/retrieve search engine forms dynamic search engine lists and results using Filemaker.  Search engine displays results with both text and a image field of the .pdf page.

Search Complete | Hops | CO2 Extraction | Oil Separation | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction search was updated in real-time via Filemaker on:

November 16, 2016

PDF Source:  01.pdf |  Hops and Hops Extract

PDF Source:  1.pdf |  Extraction and Fractionation of Natural Organic Compounds from Plant Materials with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

PDF Source:  1035 2016 Double IPA Recipe.pdf |  Double IPA Brewing Recipe

PDF Source:  1378498284_2013 Hops Variety Manual.pdf |  Variety Manual Hops


PDF Source:  2010_WSU_Hop_Cost_Of_Production_Study_Producer_Version.pdf |  2010 ESTIMATED COST OF PRODUCING HOPS IN THE YAKIMA VALLEY, WASHINGTON STATE

PDF Source:  2012 Hops Field Day Presentation_Raleigh_July.pdf |  Hop Production in North Carolina

PDF Source:  2013_Stat_Pack.pdf |  Hop Growers of America 2013 Statistical Report

PDF Source:  2014_GrowINHops_posterNC1.pdf |  Growing Indiana Hop Industry

PDF Source:  27.11.2015-IHGC-list-of-hop-varieties-2015-DHWV.pdf |  Certification of hops and hop products – List of world hop varieties of the International Hop Growers Convention (IHGC) 2015



PDF Source:  460Romano.pdf |  Extraction of lipids and essential oils from vegetable matrix by liquid carbon dioxide

PDF Source:  63-69.pdf |  Optimization of hop essential oil extraction by means of supercritical CO2


PDF Source:  8iii.pdf |  Analysis of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extracts from Cones and Leaves of a Humulus lupulus L Cultivar


PDF Source:  A_Tadevosyan_15_eng_aa.pdf |  HOP HYDROPONICS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 

PDF Source:  AJAC_2012123115411555.pdf |  Apparent Solubility of Natural Products Extracted with Near-Critical Carbon Dioxide

PDF Source:  Alison_OrganicHopsManual.pdf |  Small Scale and Organic Hops Production

PDF Source:  All-GrainBrewGuide.Rev2.pdf |  All-Grain Brewing Guide Extract Brewing

PDF Source:  Asia-Pacific-Final-Paper.pdf |  What makes British Hops Unique in the world of Hop Growing

PDF Source:  B051007.pdf |  Optimization of conditions for supercritical fluid extraction of flavonoids from hops (Humulus lupulus L.)

PDF Source:  beer-hop-chart.pdf |  Siciliano’s Hop Reference Chart

PDF Source:  Brooklyn_Brew_Shop_Punk_IPA_Instructions.pdf |  BEER MAKING COMPANION

PDF Source:  carbon-dioxide-extraction-01.pdf |  PURE NATURAL EXTRACTS AND OILS

PDF Source:  chemik_2011_9_01.pdf |  Polish industrial installations for extracting plant materials in supercritical conditions

PDF Source:  CHF-BasicHopGrowing.pdf |  Basic Hop Growing

PDF Source:  CO2-Extract-Standardized.pdf |  Standardized CO2 Hop Extract

PDF Source:  CO2_lab.pdf |  Green chemical processing in the teaching laboratory: a convenient liquid CO2 extraction of natural products

PDF Source:  co2spec-en-february-2016.pdf |  CO2 Hop Extract Barth Haas Group

PDF Source:  co2spec-oil-enriched-en-february-2016.pdf |  CO2 Hop Extract (Oil enriched)

PDF Source:  CompanyPresentation.pdf |  Extracting the essence of nature

PDF Source:  Complete_Beer_Fault_Guide.pdf |  The Complete Beer Fault Guide v. 1.4

PDF Source:  COState_Soil.pdf |  Calendar of Hops Field Work

PDF Source:  CRAF003.pdf |  A Guide to Craft Brewing

PDF Source:  CueMapHydroponicHop.pdf |  Hydroponic Hop

PDF Source:  Disease-free-hops-planting-stock.pdf |  Disease-free hops planting stock: prospects for production in the Midwest

PDF Source:  doubleIPA.pdf |  Brew a Double IPA

PDF Source:  e5-10-04-08.pdf |  SUPERCRITICAL EXTRACTION

PDF Source:  EBCP_SF.pdf |  Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Separation of Biologically Active Components


PDF Source:  em9115.pdf |  Growing Hops in the Home Garden 2015

PDF Source:  Extract Brewing.pdf |  Basic Steps of Malt Extract Brewing

PDF Source:  Extract.pdf |  Extraction CO2

PDF Source:  extrato_co2_-_ing.pdf |  Preparation and Analysis of Liquid CO2 Hop Extracts

PDF Source:  Folder.pdf |  Go With High Pressure CO2 Extraction

PDF Source:  FOOD TECHNOLOGY – Supercritical Fluid Extraction.pdf |  FOOD TECHNOLOGY Supercritical Fluid Extraction

PDF Source:  fs992 Growing Hops Rutgers University.pdf |  Growing Hops in the Backyard Rutgers

PDF Source:  growing.pdf |  Growing Your Own Hops More Beer

PDF Source:  Growing_Hop_Rhizomes.pdf |  Instructions on how to grow hops Midwest Homebrewing

PDF Source:  GrowingHops.pdf |  Steps to Growing Hops Bristol Hops

PDF Source:  Guide to All-Grain Brewing.pdf |  Guide to All-Grain Brewing By the Staff of Maryland Home Brew

PDF Source:  HG_Garden_2006-06.pdf |  Hops in the Garden Utah State University

PDF Source:  HGA Variety Manual – English (updated March 2011).pdf |  HOP GROWERS OF AMERICA Variety Manual

PDF Source:  Highfield-Hydroponic-Hops.pdf |  Hydroponic Greenhouse Hops Hydro Hop Farms

PDF Source:  HM-eng-komplett-05.pdf |  Hops from Germany The spirit of beer

PDF Source:  homebrewing.pdf |  How to brew beer A Brief Guide

PDF Source:  Hop descriptions.pdf |  Hop Descriptions and Some Suggestions U.S GROWN

PDF Source:  Hop Extracts – Mike Sutton_Hopsteiner.pdf |  HOP EXTRACTS Master Brewers Association of the Americas

PDF Source:  Hop Oil and Timing of Harvest.pdf |  Harvest Maturity of Cascade and Williamette Hops

PDF Source:  hop-grower-guide2013.pdf |  NOVA SCOTIA Hop Growers Guide

PDF Source:  Hop-Varietal-Guide-2013.pdf |  Hop Varietal Guide Pacific Northwest

PDF Source:  hopfen_sortenliste_neu_2014.pdf |  Certification of hops and hop products 


PDF Source:  HopRhizomes.pdf |  GROWING HOPS A HOP RHIZOME

PDF Source:  hops-12-17-2015.pdf |  2015 Hop Production

PDF Source:  hops-l.pdf |  Hops Planting and Growing Guide

PDF Source:  Hops-Use_and_Products.pdf |  Hops: Use and Products

PDF Source:  hops.pdf |  Hops UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY 

PDF Source:  HOPSTAR_Iso_0813_EN_tcm11-12665.pdf |  HOPSTARTM Iso

PDF Source:  How-To-Brew-John-Palmer.pdf |  How to Brew JJ Palmer

PDF Source:  HumLup062016SLR.pdf |  Safety Assessment of Humulus lupulus (Hops)-Derived Ingredients as Used in Cosmetics

PDF Source:  Humulus_lupulus.pdf |  REFERENCES HOPS Humulus lupulus

PDF Source:  iBrewMaster_Mac_User_Guide_1.0.pdf |  iBrew Master User Guide


PDF Source:  InTech-Supercritical_fluid_application_in_food_and_bioprocess_technology.pdf |  Supercritical Fluid Application in Food and Bioprocess Technology

PDF Source:  IntLandHopsProd2011.pdf |  Hops Production in a Nutshell

PDF Source:  ive_got_my_rhizomes_now_what_2.pdf |  Ive got my hop rhizomes, now what

PDF Source:  jason-perrault-transcript.pdf |  UVM Extension Hops Conference: Hopping to It

PDF Source:  K23-Oktoberfest.pdf |  Oktoberfest BSG

PDF Source:  LBNL-50934.pdf |  Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for Breweries



PDF Source:  NATURAL PRODUCTS – Supercritical Fluid Extraction.pdf |  Supercritical Fluid Extraction Natural Products

PDF Source:  Nov-8-hops-FAQs-for-Starting-a-Hop-Yard-in-New-York.pdf |  FAQs for starting up with hops in New York

PDF Source:  off_flavor.pdf |  Off Flavors In Beer Their Causes and How To Avoid Them

PDF Source:  P07.pdf |  Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction Of Hop Pellets

PDF Source:  perfumer–flavorist-magazine.pdf |  The Expanding Supercritical Fluid CO2 Extract Universe

PDF Source:  Pilot_units_all.pdf |  Pilot Units for Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Solids

PDF Source:  producao_de_extrato_livres_de_solventes_-_ing.pdf |  Production of Solvent-Free Isomerized Extracts

PDF Source:  resinate_calculator.pdf |  CO2 HOP EXTRACT DERIVED PRODUCTS

PDF Source:  rhizomes-how-to-2012.pdf |  GROWING YOUR OWN HOPS Background Info

PDF Source:  Roj_eng.pdf |  Polish industrial installations for extracting plant materials in supercritical conditions

PDF Source:  SCF+Extraction+Techology+from+IITB.pdf |  Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SCFE) Technologies from IIT Bombay

PDF Source:  Sirrine-Sustainable-Hop-Production-in-the-Great-Lakes-Region.pdf |  Sustainable Hop Production in the Great Lakes Region

PDF Source:  SS_08_09_Pike.pdf |  Potassium-Form Isomerized Kettle Extract 

PDF Source:  The Ultimate Hop Chart.pdf |  The Ultimate Hop Chart

PDF Source:  TheBreeding_Varieties.pdf |  The Breeding and Parentage of Hop Varieties


PDF Source:  TheVeryBasicBrewersGuide.pdf |  Deejays Very Basic Brewers Guide


PDF Source:  Variety Manual 7-24-12.pdf |  Variety Manual HOP GROWERS OF AMERICA Variety

PDF Source:  virginia-hops.pdf |  Growing Hops in the Southeast

PDF Source:  Wolfe_thesis.pdf |  A Study of Factors Affecting the Extraction of Flavor When Dry Hopping Beer

Supercritical CO2 Extraction Carry Over – How to prevent CO2 pump clogging

Carry -Over

CO2 changes states at different temps and pressures. This gives us the abilitility to control very specifically what kind of solvent we are using, as well as, overall yield. So it is possible to lower settings to achieve a softer solvent extraction, or higher settings to get a stronger solvent extraction. The extraction process with CO2 makes it possible to control separator settings, that drop-out the extracted oil from the CO2 gas solvent. This can effect carry-over amounts as well as quality of the final product. To limit loss of collection and fractionation of both terpenes, THC, and Cannabinoids, you need to lower the pressure of the CO2 and entrained oil. As the CO2 expands, and drops pressure, a huge amount of temperature drop occurs, which necessitates the use of heat during expansion. For lower CO2 gas pressure, a heat exchanger or chiller can be utilized to lower gas temperatures on the back end of the collection vessels, which lowers the pressure.

There are a number to techniques to help reduce or eliminate carry-over. One innovation that Infinity Supercritical has developed, is using electrostatic precipitation. A small charge is introduced (passively) into the CO2 gas and entrained oil, which charges the oil and makes it stick to the nearest opposite charged surface (collection vessel).

Cannabis oil which is not collected (termed carry-over), will continue through the closed-loop system and can clog the diaphragm pump, or the liquid CO2 pump, which will required down-time and maintenance to change the spring energized seals, and o-ring seals. This is such a problem with many commercial extraction systems, that many operators have complete spare pumps which they can replace, so that the downtime of the processing is kept to a minimum.

Contributors: Clinton S and Infinity Supercritical Staff.

Cannabis and Hemp Oil Processing – What is Carry-Over ? Why does my pump clog ?

Carry Over is a term used in Supercritical CO2 Extraction when the extracted oil is not collected after the extraction process, and cycles through the closed-loop system. Typically this results in pump fouling (clogging).

What is Electrostatic Precipitation (ESP) and why is it important with Cannabis Oil collection ?

Infinity Supercritical is the first in the industry to introduce its patent-pending electrostatic precipitation collection, which enhances the rate and amount of collection of the Cannabis Oil extract. This means that more oil is collected in the vessel where you can access it, rather than having the oil have the opportunity to go through the entire system, potentially clogging the pump system. Oil carry over is a problem with all extraction systems in the industry, and is the leading cause to time consuming maintenance, pump failure, and continual replacement of valve and pump seals.

Infinity Supercritical Uses ElectroStatic Precipitation To Assist In Oil Collection

SBR Spinning Ball Rotavap a new advancement in ethanol evaporation from botanical oil extracts

Infinity Supercritical is working on a LEEP technology for the evaporation of ethanol from a oil liquid. LEEP stands for Liquid Evaporation by Electrostatic Precipitation, and is a new innovation in the rotary evaporation field.

The new technology may provide the following benefits compared to legacy evaporation of ethanol using a rotary evaporation system:

  • Less cleaning
  • Better user experience
  • Faster evaporation and collection of ethanol (for recycled use)
  • Does not require the use of a vacuum pump (although one may be used)
  • Rapid heat transfer in both the evaporation and condensation end of the process
  • Straight walled Borosilicate glass can be cleaned with a spatula
  • No complex glass work, breakage, or cleaning
  • Larger volumes of processed liquid in a smaller space
  • Less parts = less maintenance = lower acquisition cost
  • Glasswork is stationary, it does not move
  • Solid state rotary evaporation process
  • Uses electrostatics to manipulate boundary layer and surface tension
  • Elimination of vapor layer increases heat dissipation capacity up to 45x

For more information, please contact Infinity Supercritical.

Infinity Electrostatics Announces New Technology for Tracking Materials – The Blockchain Crypto Carbon Fingerprint

PDF: 20171227-infinity-electrostatics-crypto-carbon

Infinity Electrostatics LLC, a technology development firm for additive 3D printing and graphene production, is pleased to announce development of a unique process to track materials.

Using graphene (produced from graphite, or eco-friendly hemp and bamboo), almost any carbon-based material can be used to make a identifiable carbon fingerprint.

What do you get when you combine a strand of carbon atoms, RFID, barcode, born-on-date, and location in one structure ? You get a thread that resembles a DNA of data. Since each thread is unique, it may be used in different products, but it’s origin and identifier will always be the same. This allows your unique product to be distributed, but not copied, without its fingerprint.

The crypto carbon blockchain technology gives you a competitive advantage in the market, by having a market identifiable history from inception. It is the new crypto carbon of industry. In a distributed material chain, it provides a mechanism of accountability using a carbon DNA fingerprint which can’t be erased.

Carbon based material matrix, such as carbon fiber can be made from crypto carbon thread.

Using this material in consumer products from clothes to phones, can allow sensors to determine and quantify data of origin (real versus knock-offs), use, and consumer metrics. When a crypto carbon sensor is connected to a network, it can give real-time channel specific traffic data to the factory on product robustness, and tampering.

Since the crypto carbon is invisible to the eye, it provides a transparent barcode. Carbon based graphene is also conductive, so it can also be used as a RFID (radio frequency identification). Since crypto carbon can be statically charged, a RFID can be self-powered.

About Graphene:  The new environmentally friendly, transparent, go-to material that has incredible opportunities for super capacitors, solar cells, semi-conductors, is impervious to water, temperature changes, and can self-repair its bonds. It is 1000 times more conductive than Copper, 200 times stronger than steel, and doesn’t have the limitations of silicon.


Infinity Electrostatics Announces New Technology for Producing Graphene

PALO ALTO, Calif., Dec. 21, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Infinity Electrostatics LLC, a technology development firm for additive 3D printing, is pleased to announce a new method of production for graphene.

Graphene is the new environmentally friendly, transparent, go-to material that has incredible opportunities for super capacitors, solar cells, semi-conductors, is impervious to water, temperature changes, and can self-repair its bonds. It is 1000 times more conductive than Copper, 200 times stronger than steel, and doesn’t have the limitations of Silicon.


Graphene can be used in bioengineering, optics, composites, energy storage, photovoltaics, and even as ultrafiltration, as a thin membrane for seawater desalination. It can be laser printed. Using quantum dots, band gaps can be generated to utilize in the semiconductor industry.

The limitation of graphene development and use in industry, is its production. Infinity has developed a method, using a Spinning Disc Reactor, to provide a low cost method of producing graphene, using sonification and shearing.


Infinity Electrostatics LLC develops and markets innovative additive 3D printing technology. Emphasis is placed on developing new technology to reduce additive build time, and producing a superior 3D printed product, maximizing efficiency of powder distribution, and reducing additive layer binding time. Industries served include laser engraver and fiber cutting machine manufacturers, additive 3D metal printing, and electrostatics. Please visit for more information.


Graphene 01  |  02  |  03

New Power Generation Technology – Supercritical CO2 Turbine

Review of PDF: 20171117-infinity-turbine-3D-waste-heat-energy

Developing Power Generation Technology For Low Grade Waste Heat Above 31 C or 89 F


Utilizing low grade waste heat with supercritical CO2 is a Pandora’s Box for developers, mainly because of the high pressures involved. High pressure means expensive engineering and components. The best methodology is to develop smaller working CO2 turbine prototypes, and learn lessons on a small scale, with less costly results. Infinity has developed a platform to do this prototyping, using a modular cart, high pressure components, and a turbine that fits in a off-the-shelf high pressure filter housing.



Traditional Versus Fast Track Development

Traditional steam turbine development was slow and expensive. Conventional turbine development today may involve computational flow, CAD/CAM, and other tools which reduce development time, however there is still a trial-and-error testing period. Our methodology is to use 3D printing to decrease the testing period by first doing a plastic print to test on air and parts fitting, then do a metal 3D print, or more conventional vertical milling or waterjet machining for the turbine rotor, stator, and housing parts.


3D Turbine Generator Development

Using a 3D printer can greatly reduce the time to machine and test turbine designs. There are limitations with designs over 3 inches for metal 3D prints however. We’ve found that our prints using a ExOne metal additive system resultings in poor tolerance, from the shrinking of the metal during the sintering phase (heat curing oven). With a six inch and above rotor, we have found that additional post processing needs to be included for balancing the rotor, or finish.


Solid State Turbine

Retrospective of steam, rankine, organic, and supercritical cycles, the Holy Grail of prime movers would be a static turbine, with no moving parts. The cost and maintenance reduction, would then move the price point to such a level which would make power more affordable on any scale. To that end, Infinity is developing a method to generate electrostatic electricity, from the expansion of CO2 (which goes supercritical at 31 C or 89 F). This proess would reduce the footprint and costs by 100 times.


What Does the Future Hold ?

Converting low grade waste heat to power allows for point-of-use power generation, and access to solar thermal, geothermal, industrial waste heat, and computer server waste heat. The ability to utilize the waste heat in a solid-state turbine, with no moving parts will allow cost-effective power generation at any scale.


For more information on the Infinity Turbine Supercritical CO2 Filter CO2 Turbine Generator: Infinity Turbine Website

More information on Supercritical CO2 energy can be found at the Sandia website: energy/supercritical-co2/

Infinity Turbine Introduces CO2 Turbine Generator That Fits In A Standard Filter Assembly

Infinity Turbine has developed a micro-sized CO2 Turbine Generator which fits inside a standard high pressure 1.5 liter filter assembly. The compact turbine generator can be used to utilized waste heat to energy, such has solar thermal, industrial waste heat, computer server waste heat, and other sources of heat at or above 30C (89F).

What is unique about this concept is that the waste heat can be used to generate power at the point of use. Now server farms (Amazon, Google, and GoDaddy) can use their low-grade (140F) waste heat to generate power. Green power (even in small amounts) on a small distributed grid, is better than powering a chiller to provide all the cooling of waste heat sources.


For more information, please visit Infinity Turbine website at:

Supercritical CO2 May Provide Extraction For Ionic Liquids in Quantum Dot Production

Recent publications suggest that ionic liquids (IL) which are used in the production of Quantum Dots, may be extracted by a more environmentally friendly application – Supercritical Co2 Extraction.

For more information, please review link: