Cannabis Oil Production For Profit

PDF Download: 20170302-infinity-supercritical-cannabis-oil-for-profit

Cannabis sweeps the nation

As the Cannabis revolution swings across America, states going legal are raking in huge tax revenue, and citizens are finally getting access to medical and recreational benefits of Cannabis production. The momentum is slowing moving towards oil (concentrates) which provide easier access to deliver the benefits via vape pens, edibles, and concentrates for medical purposes (CBD’s). With the political aspects aside, this review will list the aspects of producing Cannabis oil for profit.

20170217-infinity-supercritical-10-liter-front
Using a Infinity Supercritical 10L CO2 Extraction System is a good starting point for a oil refining business.

 

Supply versus demand

The mystique of the Cannabis industry has lots of people jumping into the mix, without knowledge of running a business, or the nuances of running a business to make money. A few are becoming millionaires, but most are breaking even, or losing money. Just look at the number of licenses issued in Colorado, and how supply has effected pricing. Business Insider reports that the price of wholesale marijuana has dropped by half in about a year.

http://www.businessinsider.com/marijuanas-getting-cheaper-in-colorado-2016-9

Plan a startup strategy

What differentiates those making money, and those losing money ?

Those who make money set out with a plan, a budget, funding, and a team to deliver that plan. If you set out with detailed goals and a strategy, you’re already ahead of most of the groups in the industry. Failure to plan, is a plan for failure.

You need to have a startup plan, growth, and exit plan. If you plan and play your cards right, you’ll end up with a successful business.

Information is paramount to profit

In the planning stages, it’s critical to become informed. Read, research, inquire, and educate yourself about what you are getting into.

Read: Study online information.

Research: Online studies, scientific research papers, pricing models and consumer demand.

Inquire: Existing successful operations, and those that are not, and why they are not.

Educate: Sometimes the key to success is a very fine line, stack the deck in your favor.

http://www.infinitysupercritical.com/publications.html

 

Determine your business path to success

Select the part of the industry, that interests you the most, and makes the most money.

While this may be easier said than done, select a industry segment that you will enjoy working in, and develop it.

If you are vertically integrated, and have lots of funding, you can run an entire operation from cultivation to retail sales. The savvy types will focus on one targeted segment and make money with that segment, then grow by acquisition.

 

Start with oil extraction

Who makes the most money in the oil industry ? When compared to the hydrocarbon oil industry, it is the refiners.

http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-gas-profits-20150722-story.html

In the Cannabis industry, the most value-added is extracting and refining the botanical oil.

http://blog.sfgate.com/smellthetruth/2015/01/12/is-cannabis-extraction-the-future-of-a-multi-billion-dollar-industry/

 

Why is Cannabis oil extraction potentially the most profitable and least vulnerable to industry pitfalls ?

While supply and demand will ultimately determine overall industry income, as a Cannabis oil refinery lab (including post processing), you have the flexibility to determine downstream products. With a extraction system, you can make live resin, vape pens, concentrates, shatter, etc. And like other industries, you can tailor the output according to the market demand. Cultivators and retails do not have such flexibility. The ability to morph according to customer demand is an important factor to profitability.

What is the best method of cultivation of Cannabis to make a methodical profit ?

The best profit model would be a indoor grow, with staggered starting and harvest cycles, on a weekly basis. This will not only utilize your energy, personnel, and extraction lab more efficiently, but also allows you to tailor downstream product offerings to consumer demand, while providing a fresh product at all times. While outdoor grows are great, they are only once a year. The stress at harvest season is tremendous, and all that supply drives prices down, at that time of year.

FogPonics is the best kept secret in the Cannabis industry

Developed by a LA entrepreneur, the vertical grow tower system provides a weekly harvest, optimizing energy, personnel, and production specifically targeting oil production. On a five week grow out cycle, FogPonics is designed for oil production with fast growth varieties like Cinderella.

 

Oil extraction and post production

As oil is extracted from botanicals, the end product is a substance commonly referred to as crude oil. While this material can be used for dabs, it is more likely to go into post processing for refining downstream into concentrates or other products. It is typical for a extraction system to have a complimentary post processing lab, to refine and separate the oil for consumer products.

 

Strategy for success

Determining your actual business model will depend on your goals and the market in your area, but we recommend the following:

1. Start a extraction facility with post-processing lab.

2. If supply is an issue, vertically integrate with a FogPonics vertical grow facility.

3. Tailor your output products to demand.

4. Start or acquire your own vape pen brand, or develop products with your concentrates.

ROI App: http://www.infinitysupercritical.com/roi.html

roi

Optimization and Characterization of Cannabis Extracts Obtained By Supercritical Fluid Extraction

PDF Review: 20170719-infinity-supercritical-sco2-review

Source Review: Authors: Omar, J., Olivares, M., Alzaga, M., and Etxebarria, N. (2013).

Title: Optimization and characterization of marihuana extracts obtained by supercritical fluid extraction and focused ultrasound extraction and retention time locking GC-MS.

Journal of Separation Science, 36(8), 1397-1404.

Several monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are responsible for the unique and strong smell of the cannabis plant.

Terpenes are compounds in a group of naturally occurring volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons built off of isoprene which has the molecular C5H8, with monoterpenes having the structure C10H16 and sesquiterpenes having the structure C15H24.

While sesquiterpenes are in lower amounts in the buds of the cannabis plant, through drying the plant gives off a greater loss of monoterpenes, which would mean most of the smell of the plant while drying is from the monoterpenes.

Monoterpenes are mostly unstable and thus can be easily altered or destroyed in many normal extraction techniques, which has led to much focus on using supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) with CO2 to extract them.

Terpenes are miscible in CO2 at low temperatures and pressures while many non- volatile compounds (like cannabinoids) are not, which mean they can be extracted separately.

Due to these miscibility differences, two different optimal extraction parameters were found when trying to optimize the extraction yield for terpenes or for cannabinoids.

The extraction parameters investigated included pressures between 100 bar (1450psi) and 250 bar (3626 psi), temperatures between 35 (95 F) and 55 C (131 F), flow of solvent between 1-2 ml/min (extracting 100mg of plant matter), and addition of ethanol as a cosolvent between 0 and 40 percent by weight.

In reference to terpenes, temperature and ethanol percentage were significant, with low temperature and no ethanol being the best conditions.

In reference to cannabinoids, only ethanol percentage was found to be significant, with mild ethanol percentages being found to be most efficient.

Due to the insignificance of the other factors,

100 bar (3626 psi), 35 degrees Celsius (95 F), and a solvent feed of 1 ml/min are both optimal for terpenes and for cannabinoids, while 0 percent of ethanol is best for terpenes and 20 percent is best for cannabinoids.

It was also found that different cannabis strains had different concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes.

For example, Critical and Amnesia are richer in cannabinoids than Somango, AK-47 and 1024.

Also in respect to terpenes, Critical species had the highest concentrations of alpha- pinene and beta-pinene and Amnesia has the highest concentrations of limonene.

Out of all the five species, five monoterpenes, twelve sesquiterpenes, and eight cannabinoids were able to be positively identified and quantified.

The separate extraction of terpenes and cannabinoids is important because terpenes contain their own therapeutic benefits and thus can be used without the psychotropic effects of the cannabinoids.

 

The optimal conditions mean one could extract all the terpenes first and then flush the system with ethanol to extract all the cannabinoids without changing the other parameters. To back this up, in a subsequent extraction as detailed above, all of the monoterpenes were found in the no ethanol extraction and only contain trace amounts of three of the eight cannabinoids.

 

The study also investigated the optimal extraction parameters of using focused ultrasound extraction with isopropanol and cyclohexane and found the best conditions for overall extraction were 3 s(-1) cycles, 80 percent of amplitude on the sonicator, 5 minutes of sonication time with a 1:1 mixture of isopropanol and cyclohexane.

While this extraction yielded slightly more overall extraction than the SFE, it didn’t allow for the selectivity of the terpenes and the cannabinoids.

Thus it is recommended that SFE CO2 is used for cannabis extraction’s due to the minimal difference in yields, the selectivity it offers, the food-safe nature of it, and the low-flammability of the solvent.

Infinity Supercritical Introduces New Ultra-Efficient Organic Method of Botanical Oil Extraction

Press Release PDF

SEATTLE, June 20, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Infinity Supercritical LLC, a leading manufacturer of botanical extraction equipment, announces the industry’s first organic method of oil extraction using distilled water as the solvent.

The new method involves a spinning disc reactor system which is being introduced into the industry for the extraction of oil from cannabis and hemp. The oil extract, called a concentrate, can be used in vape pens, edibles, and further processed into CBDs for medical and health purposes.

The system is so efficient that the process takes a few seconds, instead of hours or days, which is common in the industry now. In addition, the system uses distilled water as the solvent, instead of commonly used CO2, ethanol, or butane.

With a continuous feed system, different botanicals or varieties can be processed on-the-fly. Legacy batch systems can only process one botanical or variety at a time.

The equipment is modular and can be scaled up to any size. As a continuous feed, continuous flow process, batch systems are now obsolete. The smaller footprint results in lower initial acquisition, maintenance, and operational costs. The added benefit of a smaller continuous feed system is more efficient use of energy.

This process technology can also be used in other industrial applications, such as the production of biodiesel, nutraceuticals, and algae oil extraction. In the high-tech sector, the process can produce quantum dots, which have been identified as a future solar cell technology. With a spinning disc reactor, (SDR) perovskites can be commercially manufactured, with a low cost, continuous feed, production format, which can then be used for continuous, printable, flexible, thin film solar cells.

Infinity Supercritical LLC develops and markets innovative botanical oil extraction systems. Emphasis is placed on developing new technology to reduce extraction time, and producing a superior oil product, maximizing extracted antioxidants, terpenes, and nutrients. Industries served include cannabis, hemp, and hops. Please visit http://www.infinitysupercritical.com for more information.

 

 

Terpenes | Fractionation | Supercritical CO2 Extraction

http://www.infinitysupercritical.com

Email: greg@infinitysupercritical.com

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Supercritical CO2 | Cannabis | CBD | Cannabidiol | Cannabinoids

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PDF Source:  a15v30n3.pdf |  Cannabidiol: from an inactive cannabinoid to a drug with wide spectrum of action

PDF Source:  abstractbook.pdf |  7th European Workshop on Cannabinoid Research and IACM 8th Conference on Cannabinoids in Medicine

PDF Source:  AHVMA-2016-V42-Hemp-Article.pdf |  CONSUMERS PERCEPTIONS OF HEMP PRODUCTS FOR ANIMALS

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PDF Source:  CBDiary21.pdf |  CBD: How it works

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PDF Source:  CO68.pdf |  SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION OF CANNABIS: EXPERIMENTS AND MODELING OF THE PROCESS DESIGN

PDF Source:  coa140312.pdf |  Certificate of Analysis Cannabinoid Profile

PDF Source:  Decarboxylation of cannabis.pdf |  Decarboxylation of cannabis

PDF Source:  DrRima.CBD_.Dossier.pdf |  Natural Solutions Corporation Chile SpA

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PDF Source:  EWC_UMC.pdf |  Understanding Medical Cannabis

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PDF Source:  H6177.pdf |  RELATING TO AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY – CBD-RICH HEMP ACT

PDF Source:  Hemp-CBD-Opinion-Letter.pdf |  Concerning the Legality of Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil under Federal & Colorado Law

PDF Source:  HEMP_2014.Summary.pdf |  The Kentucky Department of Agriculture Industrial Hemp Pilot Projects – 2014 Summary

PDF Source:  HempFoodsRiskAss.PDF |  ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO AND HUMAN HEALTH RISK FROM THC AND OTHER CANNABINOIDS IN HEMP FOODS

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PDF Source:  Medical Marijuana.pdf |  Medical Marijuana (Limited Use of Low THC-High CBD Marijuana Products)

PDF Source:  Medical_Cannabis_Extracts_Jan12_SRS_Edits.pdf |  Method to Produce Medical Cannabis Extract for Treatment of Pediatric

PDF Source:  myths_facts.pdf |  Hemp and Marijuana: Myths & Realities

PDF Source:  Naturally Occurring and Related Synthetic Cannabinoids and their Potential Therapeutic Applications.pdf |  Naturally Occurring and Related Synthetic Cannabinoids and their Potential Therapeutic Applications

PDF Source:  Nicholson_CBME_Sleep.pdf |  Effect of D-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Nocturnal Sleep and Early-Morning

PDF Source:  PCBD-update-22-26.pdf |  Project CBD update: the tango of supply and demand

PDF Source:  Pharmahemp_Brochure_2015-08-28_Web.pdf |  Cannabidiol

PDF Source:  PNAS-2000-Malfait-9561-6.pdf |  The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis

PDF Source:  potential_of_hemp_seed_oil.pdf |  The Composition of Hemp Seed Oil and Its Potential as an Important Source of Nutrition

PDF Source:  PP_2015021016351567.pdf |  Overcoming the Bell‐Shaped Dose‐Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol

PDF Source:  PRODUCT-CATALOG-PDF_BUYCBDpg.pdf |  Hemp Derived CBD Oil

PDF Source:  Product-Catalog-Summer-2015-Web-Version.pdf |  CBD-Rich Hemp Oil

PDF Source:  project-cbd_find-your-cannabis-therapy.pdf |  CANNABIS OIL EXTRACTS What to Look For

PDF Source:  projectcbd_special-report_medical-marijuana-inc-hempmeds-kannaway.pdf |  HEMP OIL HUSTLERS A Project CBD Special Report on Medical Marijuana Inc.

PDF Source:  psychiatry-2.pdf |  A Critical Review of the Antipsychotic Effects of Cannabidiol: 30 Years of a Tranlational Investigation

PDF Source:  RingTestOShaughnessys_Aut11.pdf |  How Accurate is Potency Testing

PDF Source:  RL32725.pdf |  Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

PDF Source:  Salve.pdf |  Cannabis Processing for THC, CBD & Terpenes Initiated 5/2/14

PDF Source:  Solubility of non-psychoactive cannabinoids in supercritical carbon dioxide and comparison with psychoactive cannabinoids.pdf |  Solubility of non-psychoactive cannabinoids in supercritical carbon dioxide and comparison with psychoactive cannabinoids

PDF Source:  ST-NAR-40-Ebook.pdf |  Recommended methods for the identification and analysis of cannabis and cannabis products

PDF Source:  StuartTitus-ICASept2015v2.pdf |  Industrial Hemp and Botanical CBD: The Many Benefits for Mankind

PDF Source:  THCCBDWorkingMemory.pdf |  Differential effects of THC- or CBD-rich cannabis extracts on working memory in rats

PDF Source:  the-conversion-and-transfer-of-cannabinoids-from-cannabis-to-smoke-stream-in-cigarettes-2329-6836.1000163.pdf |  The Conversion and Transfer of Cannabinoids from Cannabis to Smoke

PDF Source:  TheWercShop-LabResults-Introduction.pdf |  An Introduction to the Active Ingredients of Cannabis

PDF Source:  TN-116-SFT-NPX-10-Extractor-Optimized-for-Processing-Medicinal-Marijuana.pdf |  SFT- NPX-10 Extractor Optimized for Processing Medicinal Marijuana

PDF Source:  US-Hemp-Wholesale-FAQs.pdf |  Frequently Asked Questions INDEX

PDF Source:  v34s1a08.pdf |  Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an anxiolytic drug

PDF Source:  VariationOfTHCContent.pdf |  Variations of Delta 9-THC Content in Single Plants of Hemp Varieties.

PDF Source:  WPS_No_38.pdf |  Fibre hemp and marihuana: assessing the differences between distinct varieties

Vape Pens | CO2 Extraction

Cannabis Search Engine Series Cannabis | Vape Pen | Concentrates | CO2 Extraction | Oil Separation | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction

PDF Publications Search Engine This real-time PDF document search/retrieve search engine forms dynamic search engine lists and results using Filemaker.  Search engine displays results with both text and a image field of the .pdf page.

Search Complete | Cannabis | Vape Pen | Concentrates | CO2 Extraction | Oil Separation | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction search was updated in real-time via Filemaker on:

November 16, 2016

PDF Source:  09_plant_protection.pdf |  Crop Protection Winterization

PDF Source:  1d_Extracts_and_Infusions.pdf |  Methods for Producing and Testing Extracts and Infusions 

PDF Source:  2001-03-04-11.pdf |  Prospects for New Cannabis Based Prescription Medicines

PDF Source:  2001-03-04-9.pdf |  Cannabis Vaporization A Promising Strategy for Smoke Harm Reduction

PDF Source:  2012-10242-ThePatriot-InstructionsFinal11092012.pdf |  The Patriot Vape Pen

PDF Source:  2015 How Safe is Your Vape Pen ProjectCBD.pdf |  How Safe is Your Vape Pen

PDF Source:  3-IN-ONE_Deluxe_Manual.pdf |  3 IN ONE VAPORIZER DELUXE USER MANUAL

PDF Source:  37-100–Vaporizer Instructions–01-22-14.pdf |  Liquid Vaporizer Pen

PDF Source:  471-vaping.pdf |  Liquid Vaporizer Pen

PDF Source:  710_Pen_ARK_Vaporizer_Instructions.pdf |  710 Pen ARK Vaporizer Instructions

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PDF Source:  Alchemy_PEG_WhitePaper.pdf |  Polyethylene glycol PEG

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PDF Source:  CO2-Vape-Pen-Manual.pdf |  CLEAROMIZER HOW TO USE YOUR VAPE PEN 

PDF Source:  Concentrate Definitions.pdf |  CLEAROMIZER HOW TO USE YOUR VAPE PEN 

PDF Source:  Concentrate-Extaction-PowerPoint.pdf |  WIZARD WAX CONCENTRATES the art of cannabis extraction

PDF Source:  CWCBE-6-17-16-1.pdf |  Methods & Devices Used to Create Cannabis Concentrates 2016

PDF Source:  ECTO-vaping-101-guide.pdf |  Ecto Vaporizer Vaping 101

PDF Source:  EDIBLES_LIST_MARCH_2016_ISSUE_22_WEB_FILE.pdf |  Edibles List

PDF Source:  edit_Everything_There_is_To_Know_About_Dabs.pdf |  Everything there is to know about dabs dabbing wax and hash oil

PDF Source:  Extraction Guideline DFD 3-30-2016.pdf |  MARIJUANA EXTRACTION GUIDELINE FOR COMMERCIAL LICENSED FACILITIES

PDF Source:  Extraction-cannabis-medical-Juin 2014.pdf |  Extraction Basics 2014 Edition, Vol. 1

PDF Source:  Extracts-Kinds-v-1.0.pdf |  Solvent extractions

PDF Source:  GFM-ways.pdf |  THE SAFEST and HEALTHIEST WAYS TO CONSUME CANNABIS TODAY

PDF Source:  H.Perrotin-Brunel-PhD_thesis-final_version.pdf |  Sustainable Production of Cannabinoids with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Technologie

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Winterizing | Post Processing

infinity-supercritical-co2-hops-extraction-flow-bar-2
Supercritical CO2 Extract

Post Processing Options:

http://www.infinitysupercritical.com/post-processing-equipment.html

We have a new de-waxing machine, and we are working on a complete winterizing and dewaxing machine.

CO2 Post Processing Details:

In some cases, with proper CO2 extraction technique, the extract (crude) oil can be used directly. For consumer use, you may wish to post-process to purify for concentrates to be used for vape pens, dabs, edibles, and other uses.

1. CO2 Extraction results in extract – which can be called crude oil.
2. Winterization: put crude oil extract into ethanol.
3. – Mix in ethanol
4. – Chill
5. – filter oil through media (paper) filters or we offer a large filter system
6. – 1-4 passes to remove waxes, using finer filters
7. – Rotovape to remove ethanol (evaporation in a rotary vessel and vacuum)
8. – At this point you can put into a vacuum oven and then it is ready for Vape Pens
9. If you want to make your own recipies for custom vape pen or concentrations, you can do distillation: CBN, CBD, and THC. Isolate waste versus desired components. The distillation can be flash chromotography, thin film, or standard distillation system.
10. End product is high THC extract, called a concentrate. That can be used directly in vapes, or cut with coconut oil or PEG for vape pens. One extract has a multitude of end consumer products.

Example of Post Processing Video on YouTube:

https://youtu.be/6aWvP02fqoI

Making Shatter: Shatter needs to have the terpenes (the flavinoid component) removed as much as possible from the oil. Then removal of any small amount of waxes (typically by Winterization). Finally, the product is put into a vacuum oven.

Customer Testimonial – Maine – Medical Marijuana:
The only post processing I do now is use a vacuum oven on a very low temp just to dehydrate the hydrosols.  The end result is a beautiful HTFSE that needs no carrier and can be loaded directly into vape pens for a tasty solvent less extract.

Winterizing and Distillation Equipment Pricing From Infinity Supercritical

If you are just making vape pens, all you need is the winterizing
equipment. If you want to make custom concentrates, so you can control
the percentages of THC and CBD’s, then I recommend both the
Winterizing Equipment and Distillation Equipment.

I have listed a small and medium system equipment options.

Small Processing Lab Equipment: Doing 1-3 runs per day.

Medium to Large Processing Lab Equipment: Above 3 runs per day.

Winterizing Equipment:  (Note: Prices are for example only)
1. Dewaxing Fast Filter (equipment to filter out the wax, after the
botanical crude oil has been mixed with ethanol and put into a freezer
overnight):
Medium: 5L $9,999+
Large: 10L $16,999+
2. Rotary Evaporator (evaporates the ethanol used to mix up the
botanical oil in solution to remove the wax):
Small: 2L with chiller, diaphram pump, and accessories package: $10,000+
Medium 20L with chiller, diaphram pump, and accessories package: $30,000+
3. Vacuum Oven (evaporates any water):
Medium: 1.9 CF: $5,000+

Distillation Equipment (used to heat up concentrated oil and separate
into fractions of THC, CBD, and other compounds if selected):
Small: 5L Short Path Distillation Package with Chiller and
accessories package: $16,000+
Medium: 10L Short Path Distillation Package with Chiller and
accessories package: $30,000+

A small lab set-up is around $50,000 +

A medium lab set-up is around $80,000 +

 

Cannabis Search Engine Series Winterization | Oil Extraction | Post Processing | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction 

PDF Publications Search Engine This real-time PDF document search/retrieve search engine forms dynamic search engine lists and results using Filemaker.  Search engine displays results with both text and a image field of the .pdf page.

Search Complete | Winterization | Oil Extraction | Post Processing | Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction search was updated in real-time via Filemaker on:

November 16, 2016

PDF Source:  1d_Extracts_and_Infusions.pdf |  Methods for Producing and Testing Extracts and Infusions 

PDF Source:  2001-03-04-11.pdf |  Prospects for New Cannabis Based Prescription Medicines

PDF Source:  2003-02-4_0.pdf |  Guidelines for Cultivating Cannabis

PDF Source:  2003-03-04-1.pdf |  Introduction Cannabis From Pariah to Prescription

PDF Source:  Ackrell-Capital-Cannabis-Investment-Report.pdf |  U.S. CANNABIS INVESTMENT REPORT 2016

PDF Source:  AHPA_Recommendations_for_Regulators_Cannabis_Operations.pdf |  Recommendations for Regulators – Cannabis Operations

PDF Source:  Cannabis Alchemy – D. Gold.pdf |  Cannabis Alchemy

PDF Source:  cannabisbooklet.pdf |  CANNABIS AND YOU 

PDF Source:  CONCENTRATES_06092015.pdf |  HYBRID CONCENTRATES

PDF Source:  CWCBE-6-17-16-1.pdf |  HYBRID CONCENTRATES

PDF Source:  en_2013_01_1.pdf |  Cannabis Oil: chemical evaluation of an upcoming cannabis-based medicine

PDF Source:  Extraction Guideline DFD 3-30-2016.pdf |  MARIJUANA EXTRACTION GUIDELINE FOR COMMERCIAL LICENSED FACILITIES

PDF Source:  Extraction-cannabis-medical-Juin 2014.pdf |  Extraction Basics 2014 Edition, Vol. 1

PDF Source:  Extracts-Kinds-v-1.0.pdf |  Solvent extractions

PDF Source:  KIM-diss.pdf |  WAX EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION FROM FULL-FAT AND DEFATTED RICE BRAN

PDF Source:  MED Equivalency_Final 08102015.pdf |  Marijuana Equivalency in Portion and Dosage

PDF Source:  Naturally Occurring and Related Synthetic Cannabinoids and their Potential Therapeutic Applications.pdf |  Naturally Occurring and Related Synthetic Cannabinoids and their Potential Therapeutic Applications

PDF Source:  RAND_WR764.pdf |  Estimated Cost of Production for Legalized Cannabis

PDF Source:  Salve.pdf |  Cannabis Processing for THC, CBD & Terpenes Initiated 5/2/14

PDF Source:  ST-NAR-40-Ebook.pdf |  Recommended methods for the identification and analysis of cannabis and cannabis products

PDF Source:  susans-extract-methods-THCA-COLD-v2.pdf |  THCA Cold Extract Supplies for THCA/THC/CBD Extract

PDF Source:  TN-116-SFT-NPX-10-Extractor-Optimized-for-Processing-Medicinal-Marijuana.pdf |  SFT- NPX-10 Extractor Optimized for Processing Medicinal Marijuana

Infinity Supercritical Develops a ROI Return on Investment Simulator Application

See: http://www.infinitysupercritical.com/roi.html

As Infinity Supercritical has developed a application based on Filemaker, which allows the commercial processor to estimate potential costs of production and profits. The app is free, and can be downloaded from the link above.

The image below is an example of the 10L starter system using good quality trim at $100 per pound. The estimated yield using Supercritical CO2 extraction is around 5 percent. You need to test the oil content of the trim, to establish how much oil you can extract. In this case, there was 5 percent available oil. While wholesale/retail prices will vary, the ROI simulator gives the processor an idea of what to expect for costs and resulting profits.

 

20180318-roi

 

What’s up with CO2 flow rate? Bigger flow rate is better right ?

Or how not to extract oils: 1. Turn up the flow. 2. Don’t collect the oils. 3. Clog your pump.

PDF: 20171125-infinity-supercritical-its-the-flow-rate-stupid

How to tell if a company hasn’t tested their equipment, or if they haven’t tested to improve yield: Claim High Flow Rate.

What’s that you say ? It’s not the flow rate that matters, it’s the permeability of the CO2 into the botanicals, and the the availability to harvest the extracted oil. Now you know more than most of the upstart CO2 Extraction companies out there.

Why ? Because we’ve tested these parameters over the past three years. If you haven’t tested your machine, then you won’t know that flow isn’t the key, and it can actually be a Pandora’s Box of bad tricks.

sonic-extractor-152725
Infinity Supercritical 10L CO2 Oil Extract

Permeability of Cannabis and Hemp Which Allows CO2 to Extract Oil:

It’s not the flow of the solvent (CO2), but how it interacts with the botanicals. In one example, you can have a high flow rate, and that flow goes around the outside of the Cannabis (if introduced in one end of the extraction vessel, and exits the other), which leaves the core of the botanicals under exposed to solvent. That’s why most companies reverse flow in their extraction vessel – because they have incomplete saturation or permeability. The CO2 as a solvent needs proper distribution through a batch reactor system.

20171003-infinity-supercritical-co2-liquid-view
Sight Glass To View CO2

Availability:

Once you’ve extracted that precious oil, you need to collect it. The problem with high flow is that without a proper way to slow it down (or spin out the oil), you’re not going to collect the oil, and it’s going to blow-by your collection vessel(s) and clog your pump. How can you tell if a system that doesn’t collect oil properly ? If the pump is constantly being clogged. Solution: slow down the flow, and charge the entrained oil with a static cling, so that it does not go into the pump. We do that by ElectroStatic Precipitation (ESP). We have one customer who has run his machine on a daily basis, and hasn’t needed to clean the pump in over 2 months.

infinity-supercritical-inside-co2-pump
Proper Maintenance Keeps Pump Valves Clean

How To Insure Your Machine Runs Properly:

One word – maintenance. If you are not going to take care of your machine, I promise you it will fail, you won’t have proper extraction, or even worse, you’ll lose valuable extracts (not to mention time). Of course, it goes without saying that your operator must have proper training, and needs to run the system for success (we suggest a learning curve on high-oil-content hops). Running with this methodology gives the operator confidence, and reinforces a positive learning curve.

Pump Flow and Speed: At first we had a high flow rate, and noticed everything mentioned above. It wasn’t until we found a way to slow down the flow, and properly harvest oil, that our yield and time to process improved greatly.

It’s typical for larger vessel manufacturers (and start-ups) to boost flow, in order to compensate for improper solvent (CO2) distribution in a large vessel. Go big, or go home, right ? Wrong. You need to properly introduce and distribute the CO2 throughout all of the cannabis, to efficiently extract the oil. This can’t be done with sheer flow rate alone.

How to Spot a Start-up: Those who claim high flow rate, without any mention of how to collect the oil.

Anybody pre-buying a new unproven system (that hasn’t been tested for a good period of time), is buying a headache.

Nikola Tesla started with a theory, then tested it. That methodology worked well. We use his AC system, electric motors, and yes, he was the inventor of radio. Thomas Edison just did trial and error (thousands of times for a light bulb). Be a Tesla, not a Edison.

Test, Test, and Test: A great CO2 manufacturer will always test, and keep testing their machine. And they will always look for technology to improve its performance. A good builder will want to improve customer satisfaction, and customer experience. Testing is the only way to improve your product. This applies on the extraction process as well. Get to know your machine and test with hops. Experiment with varying pressures, temperatures, times, configurations, etc.

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Test Your System And Test The Extracts

Extract Color: One of the good ways to see how well a extractor is performing, is to look at the extract color. For Cannabis, you want that peanut buttery, honey-like, yellow-orange color and consistency. If you are trying to extract live-resin, or other extract specific components, you may have other textures and color. But for 99 percent of you out there extracting for the vape pen and concentrate market, you want the yellow-orange color. If you are extracting a brown oil, you need to look at the temperature, pressure, or the machine parameters.

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Cannabis Oil Extract

It’s not the rate of the flow that matters, it’s what you do with it:

If you have a high flow into a large batch extraction vessel, chances are good that there will be partitions in the vessel that don’t get flow, hence the term “soak” time. That is time needed to soak all of the botanicals. In a improperly designed system, a long soak time is needed to release the oil into the solvent flow stream. Smaller extraction vessels will result in even and better solvent distribution, than large batch reactors. Infinity uses a FlowBar, which is the best method to distribute the CO2 solvent along the entire length of the extraction vessel.

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Proper CO2 Solvent Distribution and Collection Determines Cycle Time

Flow rate doesn’t determine extraction cycle speed:

The integrated system and operator determine the run time. If your system is designed properly, the solvent (CO2) will extract the oil (with temperature and pressure) by distributing the solvent evenly through the cannabis, and (hopefully) it will be collected in the collection vessel. High flow rate can create blow-by, and the oil may end up in the pump. The operator has a huge factor in this, even in automated systems. A improperly trained operator (or no training at all), may negate any system design, and lead to a consistent failure rate, with little oil.

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Integrated CO2 Solvent Distribution and Collection System

How Do You Spot A Improperly Designed or Operated System ?

Look for oil extract (called “carry-over”) in the pump. The leading cause of pump failure (and maintenance) is extracted oil which is not collected in the right place – the collection vessel. A poorly trained operator can foil even the smartest systems, and force oil into the pump. The three best methods to insure fast cycle and a clean running pump is to properly distribute the CO2 in the extraction vessel, harvest all the oil in the collection vessel, and have proper operator training. Infinity uses a FlowBar for proper CO2 flow, and TriboTube for electrostatic precipitation to harvest oil.

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Oil Found in the Pump Indicates Carry-Over and Improper Collection

Experimentation – Repeating Success Leads to Not Duplicating Failure:

Once you have a good handle on your system operation, use a low cost, oil rich botanical to experiment with cycle times with your system. We use hops for the botanical. Always log your experiments and results. Infinity has develop a simple database log for this purpose (works with any machine). This allows you to experiment with different recipes, and see which method produces the best results. Some automated systems already have these, however the pro’s will tell you they prefer semi-automated systems so they can have more control over the cycle.

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Infinity Database Logger – Use With Any Machine To Log Your Run Results and Parameters
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Practice CO2 Extractor Runs Using Hops – With Known Oil Content

30/30 and 45/45 Cycle Experiment:

Using our FlowBar, we started to experiment with hops and a cycle time of 30 minutes on, stop the machine and remove the botanical basket, put it back in, then run for 45 minutes more. What we found was really interesting. It turns out that with proper solvent distribution, most of the oil is extracted in the first part of the cycle, or 30 to 45 minutes. If a manufacturer claims fast extraction times, ask to see testing results on the website. In the cannabis industry, there is lots of talk. Ask to see the proof.

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Summary:

In conclusion, don’t trust the marketing hype.

If a new system hasn’t been tested, and you don’t see run results on the website, then you’re buying a system that hasn’t been thoroughly tested. The important factor with flow is how it interacts through the cannabis to precipitate out the oil, and it has to be at a rate which can easily have the oil separated (harvested) from the CO2 in the collection vessel. If the sticky, extracted oil, makes it to the pump, then it’s too late. All of these observations can only be learned through experience, and many runs.

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The Plant Of The Thousand and One Molecules: Cannabis Sativa

Publication Review: 20170804-infinity-supercritical-review-cannabis-benefits

Publication Review: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4740396/

Andre, C. M., Hausman, J. F., & Guerriero, G. (2016). Cannabis sativa: the plant of the thousand and one molecules. Frontiers in plant science, 7.

Cannabis plants have a lot of different types of chemicals that have been suggested to be beneficial to humans. These include cannabinoids, terpenes, and phenolic compounds.

Research has been limited due the illegality of cultivation, but more and more people are looking at the non-THC active components of the cannabis plant that seem to work together to produce a powerful entourage effect.

Phytocannabinoids are terpenophenolic compounds, meaning part terpene and part natural phenol, and over 90 different types have been found in cannabis plants or as break-down products.
The predominant compounds found in the plant in this category are quote THCA, CBDA and cannabinolic acid (CBNA), followed by cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), cannabichromenic acid (CBCA) and cannabinodiolic acid (CBNDA) unquote.

These phytocannabinoid acids go unto a decarboxylation reaction to their corresponding neutral forms, sometimes naturally in the plant, but normally after harvesting with heat.

Most of the medicinal properties of cannabinoids come from their interactions with the endocannabinoid systems in humans.

This system is thought to quote modulate or play a regulatory role in a variety of physiological processing including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, memory, inflammation, insulin, sensitivity and fat and energy metabolism unquote.

THC, the neutral form of THCA, exhibits anti- inflammatory, anti-cancer, analgesic, muscle relaxant, neuro-antioxidative, and anti- spasmodic activities, but also has been associated with a number of side effects including anxiety, cholingeric deficits, and immunosuppression.

CBD, the neutral form of CBDA, has been shown to possess anti-anxiety, anti-nausea, anti- arthritic, anti-psychotic, anti- inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties, while also reducing THC side effects, increasing the safety of cannabis extracts.

CBC, the third most prevalent phytocannabinoid, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, sedative, analgesic, anti- bacterial, and anti-fungal properties.

CBG, the neutral form of CBGA, has been linked to possibly be beneficial in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Finally CBN, found mostly in aged cannabis due to THC degradation, has similar effects health effects to THC, but focuses more on the immune system rather than the central nervous system.

Terpenes, responsible for the odor and flavor of cannabis, form the largest group of phytochemicals with more than 100 compounds identified in cannabis.

These are split into four different groups, isoprene (5 carbons), monoterpenes (10 carbons), sesquiterpenes (15 carbons), and triterpenes (30 carbons), which are built by multiples of the isoprene unit.

Terpenes easily cross membranes like the blood-brain barrier and have numerous health benefits depending on the compound.

Beta-myrcene is a potent anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anxiolytic compound, alpha- pinene is an acetylcholinesteral inhibitor which means it may aid in memory abilities which could counteract memory issues arising from THC, pentacyclic tripterpenes have anti-bacterial, anti- fungal, anti- inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties, and the list continues.

The phenol compounds contain flavonoids and lignans in the cannabis plant.

Flavonoids have a wide range of biological effects and share some properties that terpenes and cannabinoids exhibit like anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuro-protective properties.

Lignans also have a wide array of properties, including having antioxidant, antiviral, antidiabetic, antitumorigenic, and anti-obesity activities.

Altogether, these compounds work together to produce this entourage effect. Some examples is that a full cannabis extract has a stronger muscle-antispastic effect compared to pure THC, or that CBD increases the penetration of THC in muscle cells and reduces cognitive defects, or terpenes modulated the affinity of THC as well as helping with the bioavailability of cannabinoids when transdermally applied.

Due to this synergy, it has been suggested that treatments with phytocannabinoids will contain mixes of specific cannabinoids and terpene extracts to better fight against acne, depression, anxiety, insomnia, dementia, and addiction.